Petroleum engineering is basically a branch of engineering concerned with the actions relating to the extraction of petroleum from the ground. Production and exploration are considered to fall under the downstream sector of this oil and gas business. This oil and natural gas is used to generate electricity, as well as to power cars, trucks, boats and other motor vehicles.
Petroleum engineers have many roles in this oil and natural gas business. They are responsible for discovering oil, refining and extracting it. Their main job is to determine the grade of the petroleum that is being extracted. These grades are then classified into the categories mentioned below.
Petroleum engineers also oversee oil exploration and oil production. The main job of these engineers is to evaluate potentials and find out the most efficient methods of extracting the petroleum that is to be produced. In addition, they also need to identify possible problems in production or drilling operations that might cause delays or problems later. Petroleum engineers are also expected to determine the quality of the petroleum in relation to the required grades. They are supposed to report these issues to oil companies so that these issues can be fixed before the project gets underway.
Oil companies are looking for engineers who are able to handle complex projects, as well as those that are able to solve problems on time. They require good communication skills and excellent leadership skills. Petroleum engineers are also expected to possess a good working knowledge of oil and gas laws and regulations.
Oil and natural gas engineers who have gained the right qualifications and are registered with the relevant agencies are expected to hold a bachelor's degree and at least two years of experience in the oil industry. Students who have taken courses in this field may also be allowed to take up post-graduate programs in petroleum engineering.
The oil companies look for people with various degrees in petroleum engineering and a number of years of experience. People who have gained their education in colleges in different countries are considered to have acquired a thorough knowledge in the subject and have developed good communication skills. Moreover, graduates who have completed their training programs in the United States may be eligible for work as consultants to oil companies working in the United Kingdom and France.
The oil companies are also looking for candidates who have gained a good background in the petroleum field. For this reason, most of these engineers have spent considerable time in the petroleum-related courses and seminars, and who can prove their proficiency in oil field research and development.
There are plenty of petroleum engineering jobs available. To find these jobs, all you need to do is to keep your eyes open and search through online job boards and job portals.
Some of the main petroleum engineers include pipeline engineers, geologists, petroleum engineers . . . . . . and petroleum technologist. Pipeline engineers are responsible for ensuring the proper functioning of the pipelines, while geologists deal with geological and physical aspects of petroleum exploration and development.
Geologist is responsible for the study of petroleum reserves, formations and earth sciences related to these sources. They analyze and report about changes in oil levels, formation, reservoir and the location of oil and gas reserves. Petroleum engineers deal with the designing, developing and producing of oil and gas systems.
Petroleum engineers are not only responsible for designing oil and gas systems but also deal with the production, conversion and production of fuels. They are responsible for maintaining and running plants and refineries that manufacture and process fuels such as gasoline, diesel, kerosene, jet fuel and other petroleum products.
The oil fields also provide an opportunity to get a job in marine engineering, where a person must be equipped with the knowledge and experience in handling a variety of equipment and instruments. These engineers are also responsible for the maintenance and servicing of offshore rigs that process crude oil from wells.