Architectural Engineering, also known as civil engineering or building engineering, is a multi-disciplinary engineering field which mainly deals with multi-technical aspects and the scientific approach towards building construction. Structural engineers also make use of computer-aided design (CAD) software in the construction process. The aim of this article is to highlight on some of the major principles involved in architectural engineering.
Engineers are required to keep in mind that in order to carry out work within their stipulated deadlines, they need to be able to implement a number of complicated engineering concepts. However, engineers also have to keep in mind that while designing buildings and structures, they need to use various architectural concepts to solve the problem. This requires a complete knowledge of several engineering fields, including mechanics and physics. A thorough understanding of the various scientific principles associated with these principles is important if engineers want to achieve good results in all their projects.
An architect must be a well-trained engineer. He/she must be familiar with all engineering and mechanical fields which are used in architecture, engineering and construction. Architectural Engineering is also known by various names such as structural drafting, design, architecture and construction. In general terms, architectural engineering covers a number of areas including: engineering design, structural drafting, construction and fabrication, design and planning, building construction and design, and land planning. It should be kept in mind that the entire scope of Architectural Engineering encompasses not only buildings and structures but also the entire construction process.
All structural engineers who have passed the structural drafting examination are required to undergo refresher courses every five years. During refresher courses, structural engineers are given special training to enhance their understanding of building construction and its related disciplines and technologies.
All structural engineers' work starts from the preliminary analysis of the site plan and then it moves on to the design and fabrication of the construction. Once the design and fabrication phase are complete, the structural engineer takes over the whole project. There are two types of structural engineering: civil engineering and mechanical engineering.
Civil engineering deals mainly with civil works like building construction of public buildings, bridges, water and power systems, roads etc. Mechanical engineering deals mainly with construction works like the design of factories, dams and waterfalls, construction of underground and above ground structures, construction of aircraft, and space launches, nuclear plants, etc. Each of these disciplines has a very specific method of implementation. Both civil and structural engineers are responsible for designing the foundation, floor systems, interior and exterior finishes, roofing, and exterior and roofing materials, ventilation, flooring systems, windows, doors and floor panels, exterior windows, facade, internal doors and other structures.
Structural Engineering is divided into three main categories namely structural steel, structural composites, and metal working engineering. All structural composites are the products of metal-working processes. They are made up of synthetic material, often referred to as metal. Structural steel is made from iron, steel, aluminium, magnesium, cobalt, tin, tungsten, copper, tin and many other metals.
Structural composites are also termed as poured foam. There are various types of structural composites and each type has distinct characteristics.
Structural steel is a special type of alloy, which is used extensively in the construction industry and is extensively . . . . . . used in buildings and other structures. The main benefit of this alloy is that it can be formed into virtually any shape and size. The major downside of this is that the structure requires considerable maintenance and care, particularly when it is exposed to extreme temperatures. The steel also reacts with other metals if they are exposed to heat.
The main benefit of structural composites is that they provide superior structural strength as well as a long as they are formed correctly and are used properly. In addition, they are extremely lightweight and can be easily molded.
It should be kept in mind that structural engineering covers a broad spectrum of engineering disciplines. The major disciplines of structural engineering include structural steel fabrication, civil, construction, piping, electrical, civil, industrial, and transportation. The design of any structural building or structure involves the use of steel and other metal. The use of steel has improved tremendously with the advent of computer technology and CAD (Computer-aided design) methods.
Structural Engineering includes all the technicalities involved in the construction and design of building structures. This discipline is of great importance when it comes to making building structures durable and strong.